Схема минеральных фаций метаморфических пород и ее применение к территории Фенноскандинавского щита с проявлениями золоторудной минерализации орогенного типа

Сергей Алексеевич Бушмин, Виктор Андреевич Глебовицкий, Sergey Bushmin, Viktor Glebovitsky

Аннотация


В процессе исследования особенностей метаморфизма в районах Фенноскандинавского (или Балтийского) щита с проявлениями золоторудной минерализации орогенного типа частично изменена ранее предложенная схема минеральных фаций метаморфических пород. Предлагаемая новая схема, сохраняющая традиционные названия фаций (пренит-пумпеллиитовая, зеленосланцевая, амфиболитовая, гранулитовая, голубых сланцев, эклогитовая), основана на оригинальных термодинамических расчетах и опубликованных расчетных и экспериментальных данных по минеральным равновесиям в метапелитах и метабазитах и учитывает новые данные по метаморфизму изученной территории.

Статья сопровождается двумя упрощенными картами метаморфизма архейского и протерозойского возраста в качестве примера применения схемы метаморфических фаций при исследовании Р-Т условий метаморфизма и особенностей их пространственной локализации. Показано, что все промышленные проявления золотой минерализации орогенного типа расположены в зонах LT-LP метаморфизма от зеленосланцевой до низкотемпературной амфиболитовой фаций And-Sil фациальной серии.


Ключевые слова


метаморфическая фация; метаморфизм; минеральная ре- акция; минеральный парагенезис; Р-Т условия; Т/Р градиент; орогенное золото; сдвиговая зона; аккреционный ороген

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Литература


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17076/geo265

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