Объемная модель глубинного строения Свекофеннского аккреционного орогена по данным МОВ-ОГТ, МТЗ и плотностного моделирования

Михаил Вениаминович Минц, Елена Юрьевна Соколова, Рабочая группа LADOGA, Mikhail Mints, Elena Sokolova, LADOGA Working Group

Аннотация


В статье представлена объемная модель глубинного строения поздне-палеопротерозойского Свекофеннского аккреционного орогена. Модель базируется на скоординированных данных геологического картирования, сейсморазведки в отраженных волнах по профилям FIRE-2-2a-1 и FIRE-3-3a, включает и использует сечения 3-мерной плотностной модели коры, результаты магнитотеллурических исследований по профилю Выборг-Суоярви в Cеверном Приладожье и ранее проведенных магнитотеллурических исследований в Южной Финляндии. На базе объемной модели охарактеризованы главные особенности строения Свекофеннского аккреционного орогена. Для аккреционного комплекса характерна наклонная тектоническая расслоенность: тектонические пластины мощностью порядка 15 км, образованные вулканогенно-осадочными ассоциациями, включающими электропроводящие графитоносные осадки, и гранитодами, монотонно-последовательно погружаются в восточном направлении. При достижении уровня нижней коры тектонические пластины аккреционного комплекса утрачивают четкие очертания и на картине сейсмических отражений замещаются однообразной акустически полупрозрачной средой, в которой лишь фрагментарно прослеживаются границы отдельных пластин. Коро-мантийная граница имеет диффузный характер: переход от коры к мантии фиксируется постепенным исчезновением смутно прорисованных границ тектонических пластин и постепенным переходом акустически гомогенезированной и полупрозрачной нижней коры в прозрачную мантию. «Размывание» изображений контактов пород, которые в исходном состоянии создавали контрасты акустической жесткости, связано с плавлением и смешением парциальных расплавов. В результате анализа объемной модели глубинного строения получен ряд новых выводов о главных особенностях и источниках эволюции Свекофеннского аккреционного орогена. Модель возникновения и эволюции Свекофеннского орогена, который рассматривается в качестве одной из составляющих суперконтинента Лавроскандия, охарактеризована в статье-2 (Минц М.В. «Объемная модель глубинного строения Свекофеннского аккреционного орогена: геодинамическая интерпретация»)

Ключевые слова


Svecofennian orogen; seismic reflection surveying; magnetotelluric sensing; 3D crustal model; Vyborg-Suojarvi profile; FIRE-2-2a-1; FIRE-3-3a; Fennoscandian shield; Paleoproterozoic era.

Полный текст:

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Литература


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DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.17076/geo656

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